Large RTT or Why doesn't my ping traffic get discarded?
saku at ytti.fi
Thu Dec 22 07:02:46 UTC 2022
On Thu, 22 Dec 2022 at 08:41, William Herrin <bill at herrin.us> wrote:
> Suppose you have a loose network cable between your Linux server and a
> switch. Layer 1. That RJ45 just isn't quite solid. It's mostly working
> but not quite right. What does it look like at layer 2? One thing it
> can look like is a periodic carrier flash where the NIC thinks it has
> no carrier, then immediately thinks it has enough of a carrier to
> negotiate speed and duplex. How does layer 3 respond to that?
Agreed. But then once the resolve happens, and linux floods the queued
pings out, the responses would come ~immediately. So the delta between
the RTT would remain at the send interval, in this case 1s. In this
case, we see the RTT decreasing as if the buffer is being purged,
until it seems to be filled again, up-until 5s or so.
I don't exclude the rationale, I just think it's not likely based on
the latencies observed. But at any rate with so little data, my
confidence to include or exclude any specific explanation is low.
> 1s: send ping toward default router
> 1.1s: ping response from remote server
> 2s: send ping toward default router
> 2.1s: ping response from remote server
> 2.5s: carrier down
> 2.501s: carrier up
> 3s: queue ping, arp for default router, no response
> 4s: queue ping, arp for default router, no response
> 5s: queue ping, arp for default router, no response
> 6s: queue ping, arp for default router, no response
> 7s: queue ping, arp for default router
> 7.01s: arp response, send all 5 queued pings but note that the
> earliest is more than 4 seconds old.
> 7.1s: response from all 5 queued pings.
> Cable still isn't right though, so in a few seconds or a few minutes
> you're going to get another carrier flash and the pattern will repeat.
> I've also seen some cheap switches get stuck doing this even after the
> faulty cable connection is repaired, not clearing until a reboot.
> Bill Herrin
> For hire. https://bill.herrin.us/resume/
More information about the NANOG