IP addresses on subnet edge (/24)

Mark Andrews marka at isc.org
Mon Sep 14 22:25:44 UTC 2020

You may want to do traceroute using syn/ack packets to find the offending piece of equipment (may require modifying traceroute to set the syn and ack).

> On 15 Sep 2020, at 07:25, Andrey Khomyakov <khomyakov.andrey at gmail.com> wrote:
> TL;DR I suspect there are middle boxes that don't like IPs ending in .255. Anyone seen that?
> Folks,
> We are troubleshooting a strange issue where some of our customers cannot establish a successful connection with our HTTP front end. In addition to checking the usual things like routing and interface errors and security policy configurations, hopening support tickets with the load balancer vendor so far all to no avail, we did packet captures.
> Based on the packet captures we receive a SYN, we reply with SYN-ACK, but the client never actually receives that SYN-ACK. In a different instance the 3-way completes, followed by TLS client hello to us, we reply with TLS Server Hello and that server hello never makes it to the client.
> And again, this is only affecting a small subset of customers thus suggesting it's not the load balancer or the edge routing configuration (in fact we can traceroute fine to the customer's IP).
> So far the only remaining theory that remains is that there are middle boxes out there that do not like IPs ending in .255. The service that the clients can't get to is hosted on two IPs ending in .255
> Let's just say they are x.x.121.255 and x.x.125.255. We even stood up a basic "hello world" web server on x.x.124.255 with the same result. Standing up the very same basic webserver on x.x.124.250 allows the client to succeed.
> So far we have a friendly customer who has been working with us on troubleshooting the issue and we have some pcaps from the client's side somewhat confirming that it's not the customer's system either.
> This friendly customer is in a small 5 people office with Spectrum business internet (that's the SYN-ACK case). The same customer tried hopping on his LTE hotspot which came up as Cellco Partnership DBA Verizon Wireless with the same result (that's the TLS server hello case). That same customer with the same workstation drives a town over and he can get to the application fine (we are still waiting for the customer to let us know what that source IP is when it does work).
> Before you suggest that those .255 addresses are broadcasts on some VLAN, they are not. They are injected as /32s using a routing protocol, while the VLAN addressing is all RFC1918 addressing.
> --Andrey

Mark Andrews, ISC
1 Seymour St., Dundas Valley, NSW 2117, Australia
PHONE: +61 2 9871 4742              INTERNET: marka at isc.org

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