PlayStationNetwork blocking of CGNAT public addresses

Rich Kulawiec rsk at
Mon Sep 19 17:53:24 UTC 2016

On Sun, Sep 18, 2016 at 03:56:30PM +0200, Florian Weimer wrote:
> * Rich Kulawiec:
> > For example: if the average number of outbound SSH connections
> > established per hour per host across all hosts behind CGNAT is 3.2,
> > and you see a host making 1100/hour: that's a problem.  It might be
> > someone who botched a Perl script; or it might be a botted host
> > trying to brute-force its way into something.
> If you do this, you break Github.

1. I didn't know that: *how* does this break Github?

2. This is just an *example* of how to use the technique.  It's not
meant to be literal.  The general approach of determining the statistical
characteristics of "normal" and then flagging things that are "way
outside normal" works -- but of course it requires sufficient knowledge
to account for things like Github usage and/or infrequent events and/or
usage spikes triggered by real-world events, etc.  The more you do it,
and the longer you do it, the better you'll get at it.  (But of course
the false positive rate will never be zero.  That's why the question
of what to do when anomalies happen isn't easy: poke a human?  throttle?
block? further analysis?)


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