Where does "Downstream server error" come from?

John Levine johnl at iecc.com
Sun Jan 19 22:55:23 UTC 2014

I had some problems with incoming mail that I tracked down to a
configuration bug, two hosts on the same LAN configured to respond to
the IP address of the MX.  It's fixed now.

While it was broken, attempts to send mail on some other systems got
"421 Downstream server error."  That is not a message that any of my
mail software sends (I grepped for Downstream in the code, it's not
there) so I presume it's from some middle box.

Does anyone recognize the message, what produces it, and why?  There
was indeed stuff messed up downstream, but why turn it into a mystery
error message?


PS: I wonder how long it'll take for someone to suggest unhelpful
configuration changes on my host to fix the problem.

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