NSA able to compromise Cisco, Juniper, Huawei switches

Randy Bush randy at psg.com
Tue Dec 31 02:41:46 UTC 2013

>> So this isn't an issue of the NSA working with Cisco and Juniper to
>> include back doors, it's an issue of the NSA modifying those releases
>> after the fact though BIOS implants.
> Yes, I see this now, thanks.
> AFAICT, the Cisco boxes listed are ASAs and PIXes, which are
> essentially Linux PCs running a bunch of userland firewall stuff and
> which have BIOSes and so forth; they aren't routers/switches.

you may want to read the more complete, well let's say extensive 


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