bufferbloat videos are up.
swmike at swm.pp.se
Fri Feb 3 22:09:56 CST 2012
On Fri, 3 Feb 2012, Jim Gettys wrote:
> 2. The longer version of the video
Good visualisation. Just a little nitpicking, 802.11 is 54 megabit, not
megahertz. It should also be pointed out that 802.11 is half duplex, which
might affect things.
Also, you might want to point out in your material that large buffers are
there to handle bursts on TCP sessions over high RTT. Your suggestion to
improve interactive performance hurts high speed TCP high RTT sessions.
This is probably what most people want to do, but it would be good to
point it out. Doing a promotion for ECN support in equipment would also be
good, because introduing WRED with high drop probability a low buffer fill
will really hurt performance for TCP transfers. ECN will help to avoid
restransmissions, which just wastes bw.
Where does your 100ms buffer size recommendation come from? The classical
one is 2xRTT, with a lot of platforms developed around 2000 sized at 600ms
of buffering (because 300 ms RTT seems like a decent value to choose for
"max RTT" I guess). At megabit speeds I'd say to achieve your goal having
100ms FIFO buffering is too high anyway, so to handle your problem you
need "fairqueue" to look at flows and put persistent buffer filling TCP
sessions in "the background". This would also mean TCP would be able to
use full bw without hurting interactivity.
Also, for some operating systems (Linux is the one I know about), there is
a tendency to have high buffers not only in the IP stack, but also high
FIFO buffers towards the hardware, in the device driver. I engaged the
linux-usb mailing list about this, and I did see some talk that indicated
that people understood the problem.
So basically I agree with your problem statement, however I think it would
be benficial if your proposed solution was a bit more specific, or at
least pointed more in that direction. To propose a solution that sounds
more like "limit buffers to 100ms or less and everything will be fine"
would indeed remove some of the problem, but it would hurt performance for
The problem you're describing has been know for 25 years, unfortunately
not by the right people in the business, especially the ones making high
volume low cost home equipment.
Mikael Abrahamsson email: swmike at swm.pp.se
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