TCP time_wait and port exhaustion for servers

Matthew Palmer mpalmer at
Fri Dec 7 21:51:02 UTC 2012

On Thu, Dec 06, 2012 at 08:58:10AM -0500, Ray Soucy wrote:
> > net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl = 15
> > net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 3
> > net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 90
> > net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30
> As discussed, those do not affect TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN.
> There is a lot of misinformation out there on this subject so please
> don't just Google for 5 min. and chime in with a "solution" that you
> haven't verified yourself.
> We can expand the ephemeral port range to be a full 60K (and we have
> as a band-aid), but that only delays the issue as use grows.  I can
> verify that changing it via:
> echo 1025 65535 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_port_range
> Does work for the full range, as a spot check shows ports as low as
> 2000 and as high as 64000 being used.

I can attest to the effectiveness of this method, however be sure and add
any ports in that range that you use as incoming ports for services to
/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_reserved_ports, otherwise the first time you
restart a service that uses a high port (*cough*NRPE*cough*), its port will
probably get snarfed for an outgoing connection and then you're in a sad,
sad place.

- Matt

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