Had an idea - looking for a math buff to tell me if it's possible
Dan Collins
enwpst47 at gmail.com
Wed May 18 23:07:58 CDT 2011
On Wed, May 18, 2011 at 10:42 PM, Heath Jones <hj1980 at gmail.com> wrote:
> Example:
> I want to send you the number
> 1000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000.
> The MD5 hash of this is f59a3651eafa7c4dbbb547dd7d6b41d7.
> I generate data 0,1,2,3,4,5.. all the way up
> to 1000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000,
> observing the hash value of the data just generated each time. Whenever the
> hash matches f59a3651eafa7c4dbbb547dd7d6b41d7 , I increment a counter.
> Once I have reached the number I want to send you, I send the hash value and
> the counter value.
>
> You perform the same function starting at 0 and working your way up until
> you have a matching counter value. The number of collisions in the range 0
> -> target is represented by the counter value, and as long as both sides are
> performing the same sequence this will work.
>
> Obviously this is completely crazy and would never happen with current
> processing power... It's just theoretical nonsense, but answers the OP's
> question.
>
The point here, however, is that for most cases, the hash
f59a3651eafa7c4dbbb547dd7d6b41d7 and the length of the counter will
amount to sending more data than just transmitting the number. For
example, MD5 is a 16 byte hash. For a 20 byte value, you'll need to
transmit a 16 byte hash, plus a counter. On average, of all 20 byte
values, where there are 2^128 hash outputs, each hash output will have
2^32 possible input values, and a counter to store that will need to
be 32 bits long. So you're back where you started. Sometimes this
might even take more space, say if there are 0 strings which hash to
0000...0 and 2^33 which hash to 0000...1 and 2^32 that hash to each
other value, if you're trying to transmit the last item that hashes to
0000...1, you'll actually need more space. Your compression algorithm
just became an inflation algorithm.
--Dan
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