[only half OT] A socio-psychological analysis of the first internetwar (Estonia)

Michael Smith msmith at internap.com
Thu Apr 29 10:04:36 CDT 2010

No GPL for the full paper, huh?  Back to the cathedral....  

What's the toll in case I can get some buddies to pitch-in to buy access
to the full content?

-----Original Message-----
From: Gadi Evron [mailto:ge at linuxbox.org] 
Sent: Wednesday, April 28, 2010 11:51 PM
Subject: [only half OT] A socio-psychological analysis of the first
internetwar (Estonia)


In the past year I have been working in collaboration with psychologists

Robert Cialdini and Rosanna Guadagno on a paper analyzing some of what I

saw from the social perspective in Estonia, when I wrote the post-mortem

analysis for the 2007 attacks, but didn't understand at the time.

Aside to botnets and and flood-based attacks, many of the attacks were 
"live mobs", or an "online riot" if you like, where individuals simply 
sent pings toward Estonian addresses. While it doesn't seem like pings 
would cause so much damage -- en masse they certainly did. Then of 
course, there is also the psychological aspect...

... When everyone and their grandmother attacked with pings, spammers, 
professionals and others who know what they are doing then got involved,

attacking using more sophisticated tools.

We analyze how the Russian-speaking population online was manipulated to

attack Estonia (and Georgia) in the "cyber war" incidents, and how it 
could happen again (regardless of if any actor is behind it).

The psychological aspect of this is indeed off-topic to NANOG, but the 
attack is analogous to network peak usages with user interest in 
high-bandwidth content, and how large networks prepare for such peaks.

This is about the DDoS attacks, and how a human DDoS has been and can be

initiated again. It also under-scores the power of individual activism 
on the internet, and how it can also be abused.

I hope some here would find the research useful for their own interest, 
if nothing else. Otherwise, sorry for wasting your bandwidth and thanks 
for your time.

Article on El Reg:

Paper (for download with pay :( ):

Thanks, and any comments appreciated. If on psychology, please do it 
off-list, though.


Gadi Evron,
ge at linuxbox.org.

Blog: http://gevron.livejournal.com/

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