Internet Traffic Begins to Bypass the U.S.
jabley at ca.afilias.info
Mon Sep 15 07:36:25 CDT 2008
On 14 Sep 2008, at 23:38, Matthew Moyle-Croft wrote:
> Other cable systems predated FLAG (at least for voice).
The qualifier might be important.
As should have been obvious from all the IIRCs and related qualifiers
in my note, I wasn't in Europe at the time I started paying attention
to these things. However, in other parts of the world, circuits
provisioned and planned for voice traffic growth started to become
effectively full as soon as there was demand for circuits much bigger
than an E1.
As an example, PacRimEast still had capacity in the late 90s, strictly
speaking. But given the difficulty in ordering anything other than E1s
on it at that time, did it really exist as a terrestrial option for
New Zealand ISPs trying to send packets to the US? There was a lot of
satellite transmission sold around that time on PanAmSat, IntelSat and
Loral transponders, and it's not as if anybody was really using
satellite out of choice. There are only so many discrete E1s you can
comfortably inverse-mux together before it's really not worth bothering.
The timelines are no doubt different, since Europe experienced a giant
boom in Internet demand and infrastructure while smaller markets like
New Zealand were still preoccupied with X.25. However, the original
question was whether there had ever been a time during which Europe
had no option but to cross oceans to get to Asia, and I'd be surprised
if that wasn't the case.
Perhaps someone who actually knows this stuff can throw some facts
into the thread and put a stop to my wild speculation.
> SEA-ME-WE predates FLAG by almost a decade. I'm sure some digging
> would reveal a bit more on that path either submarine or terrestrial.
The contract to build SEA-ME-WE-4 was signed in March 2004, according
to their web page.
SEA-ME-WE-3 was commissioned in March 2000 in India, according to
The Europe-Asia segment of FLAG was lit in the mid-1990s.
More information about the NANOG