Software router state of the art
jgreco at ns.sol.net
Mon Jul 28 13:23:00 CDT 2008
> Hmmmm. Well then you probably don't want to use Linux/BSD as a router,
> as a substantial amount of DIY is required for anything beyond
> relatively simple routing. MPLS support (on Linux) for example is in
> early phases and requires integrating separate pieces and is best
> supported on Fedora9. Needless to say, Fedora isn't designed for
> reliable/stable operation and long term deployment.
> I have yet to look into *BSD based solutions, but hear very good things
> about firewall performance. I don't know about BGP/OSPF/MPLS etc support
> on FreeBSD but am going to wager a guess its on par with Linux if not
The underlying OS is responsible for packet forwarding, but none of them
do any significant routing protocols natively. Adding on a package
such as Quagga or OpenBGPD is required for that, and the results of
each should be relatively similar across platforms.
The only major caveat is that Quagga OSPF is currently a disaster on
FreeBSD 7. Don't try it. We added a server that was advertising some
stuff, with multiple interfaces, using a config identical to what we
do under FreeBSD 6. Not only did it randomly not work, but it also
randomly killed OTHER OSPF speakers elsewhere in the network, including
on non-directly attached networks in another OSPF area (we'd log in and
see no neighbors).
OpenOSPFD appears to be the fix for that. Simpler, smaller, but dumb
enough that it advertised 127.0.0.1 into our OSPF environment when we
were trying to get some aliases on lo0 advertised, which caused
freaking out of pretty much every OSPF-speaking UNIX server we have
BGP is straightforward, except for things like MD5, which can be a bit
dicey. Quagga is very good, and much less expensive than, something
like Cisco for a route server, from what I've heard over the years.
You'll notice some of the Route-views boxes are Quagga or Zebra (its
Joe Greco - sol.net Network Services - Milwaukee, WI - http://www.sol.net
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