inter-domain link recovery

Chengchen Hu huc at
Wed Aug 15 04:06:36 UTC 2007

Hi, folks

I find that the link recovery is sometimes very slow when failure occures between different ASes. The outage may last hours. In such cases, it seems that the automatic recovery of BGP-like protocol fails and the repair is took over manually. 

We should still remember the taiwan earthquake in Dec. 2006 which damaged almost all the submarine cables. The network condition was quit terrible in the following a few days. One may need minutes to load a web page in US from Asia. However, two main cables luckly escaped damage. Furthermore, we actually have more routing paths, e.g., from Asia and Europe over the trans-Russia networks of Rostelecom and TransTeleCom. With these redundent path, the condition should not be that horrible.

And here is what I'd like to disscuss with you, especially the network operators,
1. Why BGP-like protocol failed to recover the path sometimes? Is it mainly because the policy setting by the ISP and network operators?

2. What is the actions a network operator will take when such failures occures? Is it the case like that, 1)to find (a) alternative path(s); 2)negotiate with other ISP if need; 3)modify the policy and reroute the traffic. Which actions may be time consuming?

3. There may be more than one alternative paths and what is the criterion for the network operator to finally select one or some of them?

4. what infomation is required for a network operator to find the new route?  

Thank you.
C. Hu

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