Presumed RF Interference
peter at peter-dambier.de
Sun Mar 5 22:32:10 UTC 2006
David Lesher wrote:
>>We have a client site that is driving us nuts...
>>I should also add some other points:
>> -- We have observed failures when the building had zero power, except for the UPS .....
>> -- The building only operates 0600 to 1800, so many failures are occurring after hours.
>> -- There are no RF sources in the building.
>> -- We are not near an airport.
>> -- The building is steel framed and sided -- and a pretty good RF shield --....
>>Given what I have described, would you think this is an RF interference problem?
> Unless you have a Gigawatt radar parked next door, I'm highly dubious
> that it's RF-instigated.
>> 3 DSL routers (cisco 8x7)
>> 1 edge router (cisco 28xx)
>> 1 FR router (cisco 36xx)
>> 1 patch panel
>> 1 telco smart jack (ATM/FR circuit)
>> 1 PBX T1 card
>> 1 patch panel (all jacks went open on the same pair)
> Make that Terawatt...
>> 6+ NICs
> A) All these things say grounding issues. I have to wonder if
> the building is fed from more than one power entrance. The blown
> patch panel especially makes me think the router on one end of
> the Cat5 was being fed from a different power source than the
> one on the other. (Which pair was blown?) Given the UPS mention,
> maybe there's a ground differential issue with it.
> B) The other, less likely, path into equipment is telco. Those
> mile-long pieces of copper from the CO are also called "antennas"
> and they covet static. I have no idea where this location is --
> are there thunderstorms around?
> C) One more possibility; perhaps some piece of equipment in-house
> is putting large spikes on the internal distribution. Twenty years
> ago, I read of a building where large [50 HP HVAC] and small
> [fridges] motors would regularly die. The high-tech gadgets of
> that era, Texas Instruments calculators, would reset themselves
> seemingly spontaneously. After MUCH work, they found the BIG
> copier was putting nasty spikes back on the grid.
> I vote A) 75% B) 20% C) 5%
> You do need an EE, one prepared to look at the building wiring/grounding
That is already half of a solution:
Go for fiber. That is imune to both ground and RF problems. Avoid
ground connections between the equipment.
Replace ethernet with fiber. Break serial lines with optical isolators.
Cut the ground wire in your power cords but ground the equipment directly
to a metal frame.
Avoid ground loops: Between two computers you have a ground connection
via the powerline ground. Connect them via RS-232 and you have a second
connection via the RS-232 ground. If your power ground is bad then you
might run amperes through the RS-232 ground that results in Volts, more
than your signal level, maybe.
Peter and Karin Dambier
Peter and Karin Dambier
The Public-Root Consortium
+49(179)108-3978 (O2 Genion)
+49(6252)750-308 (VoIP: sipgate.de)
mail: peter at peter-dambier.de
mail: peter at echnaton.serveftp.com
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