Multicast USENET News paper citation

Ran Atkinson rja at
Tue Jun 10 23:31:01 UTC 1997

	(My apologies for following up on myself.)

	Someone suggested in private email that I should provide a full
reference for the prior art on USENET/IP-Multicast back to the NANOG
Here it is.  However, this thread probably should migrate to some other
(more appropriate) place like the mboned list and off of NANOG...

rja at

      Author: Kurt J. Lidl
      Author: Josh Osborne
      Author: Joe Malcolm
       Title: Drinking from the Firehose: Multicast USENET News
       Pages: 33-45
   Publisher: USENIX
 Proceedings: USENIX Conference Proceedings
        Date: Winter 1994
    Location: San Francisco, CA
 Institution: UUNET Technologies, Inc.


	News transport and spooling systems of the last several years
concentrated on decreasing the resource load on news servers. One
beneficial side effect has been the average decrease in time that a news
system spends on a given article.  This paper describes a novel USENET
transport protocol, which we call Muse. The two major motivations behind
Muse are to reduce the average propagation delays of articles on USENET
to further reduce the resource load on a centralized news server. Muse
on top of the experimental Internet multicast backbone, commonly referred
to as the Mbone. Major design and implementation issues are
discussed. Security concerns of multicast news are discussed and our
solution is examined. The problems of scaling news distribution to
thousands of hosts are also addressed.

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