Subnetting a Class A Experiment

postel at ISI.EDU postel at ISI.EDU
Fri Apr 21 15:43:22 UTC 1995


Hi.

This Experiment begins 1 May 95 and ends 1 Dec 95.

--jon.

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There appears to be some interest in experimenting with subnetting the
class A addresses.

There is some evidence that not all the routing software in use will
deal correctly with subnetted class A addresses.  It also appears that
actual use of subnetted class A addresses may be necessary in the not
too distant future.  It is suggested that conducting an experiment now
to identify and fix any software that does not properly handle
subnetted class A addresses would be useful and important.

To further this experiment the IANA will temporarily designate the
class A network number 39 to be used in the following way:

The high order octet of the 4-octet IPv4 address is the class A
network number 39.  There are two cases for low order 24 bits.

   Case 1:

   In the first case, the high order bit of these 24 bits is zero and
   the next 15 bits are the low order 15 bits of a previously assigned
   Autonomous System number (AS), as registered by a network registry
   and listed in the RWhois database system.

   Using the AS number in this way allows the experiment to get
   underway quickly in that it automatically allocates some addresses
   to each service provider and does not require a registration step.

   One concern is that this might cause a run on AS numbers, since by
   getting an AS number you automatically get some address space.
   This concern should be offset by the fact that the amount of
   address space one gets under this plan is the same as one class C
   network number (and it should be easier to get a single class C
   allocated than to get an AS number allocated), and that this is a
   limited time experiment so that these addresses will be temporary.

   The low order octet of the 4-octet IPv4 address is for local use.
   It is expected that an address of this form will be use to identify
   a specific publicly accessible Internet host.

		+--------+-+-------+--------+--------+
		|   39   |0| low 15 bits AS | local  |
		+--------+-+-------+--------+--------+
   Case 2:

   In the second case, the high order bit of these 24 bits is one, and
   the remaining 23 bits are assigned by the IANA (currently reserved
   for future use).

		+--------+-+-------+--------+--------+
		|   39   |1| variable prefix + local |
		+--------+-+-------+--------+--------+

   The general intent is to find a way to assign to experimenters
   prefixes of differing lengths so that a variety of experiments can
   be conducted with the prefix/local-address boundary at different
   points.

It is not intended that either of these address allocation schemes is
the model for how subnetted class A addresses will be actually
allocated in the future.

It is expected, to make the experiment interesting, that some
providers will use these addresses for servers supplying popular
material via the Web or FTP.

For example, if the service provider registered to use AS 690 wished
to use this style of address to provide access to a server of popular
information on local host 7, the address would be:

		+--------+--------+--------+--------+
		|   39   |    2   |   178  |    7   |
		+--------+--------+--------+--------+

The support for DNS name and address resolution should be provided.
For example, if Alternet wanted to put up a database of interesting
information using the hostname "Interesting.Alter.Net" using the
address 39.2.189.7, they would need to put the name to address
mapping in their name server using the A record

	Interesting.Alter.Net. IN A 39.2.189.7

Similarly the address to name PTR record should be supported

	7.189.2.39.IN-ADDR.ARPA. PTR Interesting.Alter.Net.

which means that the 189.2.39 branch of the IN-ADDR tree would be
delegated to Alternet for the purposes of this experiment.

To support this, the 39.IN-ADDR.ARPA branch is delegated to the IANA
to be managed at ISI.  The nameserver for this branch is
IN-ADDR.EP.NET (39.17.199.10).  Participants in this experiment should
contact the administrator of this nameserver to have their portion of
the address space further delegated.  The administrator for this
server can be reached at <aexpreg at isi.edu>.

Another aspect of the testing that should be performed is to have
providers interchange addresses to test the portability of subnetted
class A addresses.  It is not intended that this would be the model
for actual use.

   For example, if AS 690 and AS 1800 want to try out routing holes in
   each others' allocations within their AS, that should be
   encouraged.  That is, suppose AS 690 handed some address of their
   addresses to AS 1800, and vice-versa.  This type of testing will be
   necessary to see if the addresses can be made portable in larger
   sub-A allocations.

This is experiment will be of limited duration and these addresses may
be reassigned to other uses when the experiment is over.

This experiment will begin on 1-May-95.

The current date for the termination of this experiment is 1-Dec-95.

--jon.

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